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African Mundari tribe: story of the Mundari tribe of Sudan whose life depends on cows

Cows are very important in the life of the tribes living in Africa, but there is a tribe in Sudan that can kill and kill for them. Even these protect the cows with guns. Ratnesh Pandey, a geophysicist who has worked in Tanzania for 11 years, recounted in conversation with Shatakshi Asthana for Navbharat Times Online that how a cow is like life for the Mundari tribe living in the country of South Sudan. Without a cow, their life is similar to that of the deceased. Cows are precious to the Mundari tribe. Not only that, they are a custodian of medicine and money for the traveling Mundari tribe and are like friends. Mundari sleeps with their cattle and protects them at gunpoint. Here is the story of the Mundari tribe …

Who are Mundari?

Mundari is a small ethnic group in South Sudan. The mainland of the Mundari tribe is located approximately 75 kilometers north of Juba, the capital of South Sudan. Mundari lives his life as a shepherd. For this, more than his own life, he takes care of his cattle. The people of Mundari call the Ankole-Watusi cow. Mundari lives in cows. The people of Mundri consider the cows to be the “king of the cattle”. The height of their cows is seven to eight feet tall and they cost around forty thousand rupees in Indian rupees. The price of their cows can only be estimated to explain why these animals are so precious to Mundari.

Cows aren’t even averse to killing

For the Mundari tribe, their animals, especially the cow, are everything. Mundari considers killing cows the greatest sin. Because of this, cows were rarely killed in this community. These animals are a status symbol for Mundari. They also use them as a dowry. Mundari also gives his life to protect his cows and also takes the life of another. In this community, children and the elderly take care of the cows. Cows are everything to these people. These people use a special type of bhub to protect the cows from heat, make various efforts to feed the cows, do not injure the cows in any way, so they keep them at night so that the wild animals do not chase them. The Mundari tribes consume cow’s milk as well as their urine. He believes cow urine keeps them away from dirt. This tribe has a deep love for cows. He devotes his whole life to cows.

Watch out for cows more than children

Mundari tribes are actually cow worshiping tribes. They regard cows as mothers and also serve cows as mothers. The beauty of the Mundari’s attachment to cows is whether or not they take care of their children, they take care of the cows. This part of South Sudan is mainly vulnerable to drought as the rainfall is very low and the heat is very high. Because of this, the water problem persists, but the people of the Mundari caste still make various kinds of jatan to keep the cows happy. Mundari applies a special type of ash to cows to protect them from heat and sun, which also rubs on their own bodies. The love of this tribe for cows runs so deep that when a cow dies for any reason, the Mundari mourn bitterly and become extremely bereaved. Even eating and drinking for a while makes your mouth spin. In Mundari society, the death of a cow is similar to the death of a relative of the Mundari people.

Watch over night

The Mundari wake up at night to protect their cows from wild predatory animals and keep them near a herd of cows, and in this way the Mundari group selects crosses to guard them at night. One night a Mundari group tends the cows and the other night another group tends the cows. People sleep here with their precious cows at night. They spend their nights just 6 to 7 feet away from them. The Mundari use automatic rifles and other weapons to protect their cows. The people of Mundri also drink urine from cow’s milk. They believe that they have many qualities and anyone who consumes them will be healthy. Many times Mundari lactates directly with the udder of the cow. Their affinity with cows is so deep that cows respond to their safety wherever they are to the sound of monkeys.

Milk, cow urine or cow dung … cure everything

The people of Mundri also bathe with the urine of cows and believe that cow urine keeps them away from dirt and disease. Cows have an important place in all religions, cultures, births and marriages of Mundari, none of their programs are complete without cows. Cows are not only their economic axis but also their social prestige, which are respected as much as cows. In South Sudan, there is a risk of infection due to strong sunlight and other reasons. The people of this tribe apply the ash of cow dung to the body like powder to escape the heat and repel mosquitoes. The men and women of Mundari wash their hair with go urine, the ammonia found in the go urine makes their hair red and that red hair is a sign of purity in their society, which has the go – urine in his heart. Cow’s milk, urine, and cow dung are considered sacred in this society. These people defile the cows at night. They think it doesn’t cause any infection in the cows.

Not even a cow soul mate.

In this tribe, the clashes between the people do not take place over common resources like an area, property or land, but they fight for cows which are considered more precious than the life of humans in this tribe. In this tribe, if someone is killed in a quarrel, the punishment for killing a cow is forgiven. This means that the person, who is killed by the opponent during the fight, makes the killer forgive his sentence by giving a cow to the opponent’s family. The girls of this tribe marry their daughter with the same boy who gives at least 200 cows to the girl’s family as a gift. It is only when there are at least 200 cattle in this tribe that it is decided whether the young man is eligible for marriage or not. If the boy doesn’t have a cow, he’s not even married. Seeing the extreme importance of cows in this tribe, families who have a small number of cows also try to steal to increase the number of cows in their family. These people enter the villages of another tribe in the dark of night and try to steal their cows, during which there is a bloody struggle between them in which many lives are lost.

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