The number of part-time professionals fell below 2.7 million for the first time since 2014
Around 2.7 million Spaniards work part-time, 5% less than last year
Randstad, number 1 in human resources in Spain and in the world, reported on the evolution of professionals working part-time in Spain, taking into account the autonomous community, sector and age. To do this, it analyzed the data corresponding to the third quarter of the Employment Survey (EPA) since 2008.
Randstad points out that 2,654,700 employed people work part time, a decrease of 4.8% compared to last year, when 2,789,200 professionals of this type were registered, the highest figure in the series studied. reveals that the number of part-time workers fell below 2.7 million for the first time since 2014.
By studying the evolution of part-time employees, we see that the volume has increased from 2.3 million in 2008 and 2009 to 2.75 million in 2015. Since then, the volume of this type of professionals has remained stable between 2 , 70 and 2.79 million through 2020, the figure fell 4.8% to 2.65 million, the largest drop in the series studied.
The part-time employment rate stands this year at 13.8%, down slightly by two tenths compared to last year This labor market indicator has grown steadily since 2008, having experienced five years consecutive increases. , until recording the highest rate in 2013, 15.2%. It has since followed a negative trend, registering 13.8% in 2020, and falling below 14% for the first time since 2011.
“Part-time hiring is a positive indicator of the revitalization of the labor market, which can function as an opportunity to create new jobs, balance work and life, and reduce unemployment rates. For this reason, any reduction in the volume of these types of professionals should be of concern to us – especially since we are already starting from levels of bias well below the European average – although we hope that a future recovery will return to the levels recorded. before the eruption. pandemic ”, explains Valentn Bote, director of Randstad Research.
The younger the worker, the more part-time employment decreases
This study also took age into account when examining the volume of part-time jobs. Randstad underlines that the younger the professional, the more the number of workers with this type of shift has decreased; in fact, the over 45 segment was the only one to grow this year, particularly by 2%, from 1,080,500 workers in 2019 to 1,101700 today.
For its part, the 25 to 45 age group fell by 8.1%, registering 1,338,000 professionals last year to 1,229,100 the current year. Finally, the most pronounced drop concerns those under 25, with a drop of 12.6%, from 370,700 professionals in 2019 to 324,000 this year.
Nine out of ten part-time professionals come from the service sector
Regarding sectors, the Randstad study reveals that the vast majority of part-time employees registered in 2020 belong to the service sector, more precisely 90.2%, followed by industry professionals (5.4%) , agriculture and construction (both with 2.2%).
Given this disparity in weightings, the only sectors that have seen their volume of part-time professionals increase are industry, with an increase of 5.3%, and agriculture, 3.6%. The volume of people employed of this type fell by 10.4% in the case of construction and by 5.4% in services.
C. Valenciana, Cantabria and Euskadi, the regions with the highest rates
Randstad has noticed notable differences in part-time employment rates between the different Autonomous Communities. The Valencian Community is, with 16.2%, the region with the highest rate in the whole country, followed by Cantabria (15.3%) and Euskadi (15.2%), all above 15%. With more moderate percentages, but still ahead of the national average (13.8%), are Extremadura (14.9%), Castilla y Len (14.8%) and Andalusia (14.5%).
With rates lower than the national average are Navarra (13.7%), Catalonia (13.6%), Baleares (13.5%), La Rioja (13.4%), Aragn, Region of Murcia (both with 13.3%), Castille-La Mancha (13.2%) and Asturias (13%). With the lowest rates, below 13%, are the Community of Madrid (12.7%), Galicia (12.4%).
In terms of volumes, the only communities that have seen the number of part-time employees increase are the Comunitat Valenciana (with a growth of 2.2%), Cantabria (1.7%), the Community of Madrid (1 , 2%) and the Balearic Islands (0.5%). Already with falls, but less marked than the national average (-4.8%), are Castilla y Len, Euskadi (-2.4%), Asturias, Aragn (both with -2.8%) and the region of Murcia (-4.1%).
With falls above the national average are Extremadura (-5.2%), Castilla-La Mancha (-6.5%), Andalusia (-6.6%), Canarias (-7.2%) and La Rioja (-9.9) The largest double-digit decreases were recorded in Galicia (-10.4%), Catalonia (-11.7%) and Navarre (-16%).
Catalonia (450,500), Andalusia (433,800), the Community of Madrid (382,600) and the Valencian Community (328,000) are the regions with the highest volumes of part-time employees, all of which represent 60% of the number total of professionals throughout the country.