The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on all productive sectors without exception and has had a significant impact on the evolution of employment. Thus, according to data from Social Security affiliates, since February more than 300,000 jobs have been destroyed, a figure to which must be added the more than 700,000 workers covered by ERTE who, for legal purposes, are still workers. assets that contribute to social security.
The context of economic uncertainty in which we are immersed as limitations and / or restrictions tighten in certain sectors and teleworking is encouraged due to the current situation of the pandemic, has resulted in changes in the field of profiles requested by companies, but also in relation to the intention to change the job of the workforce. With the aim of knowing the evolution of the needs of companies, as well as the motivations, the opinion and the perception of the candidates, InfoJobs carried out a study on the hiring needs and the intention to change jobs, offering a comparison of how they evolved after the arrival of the pandemic. The fieldwork was carried out during the months of February and July.
Business hiring forecasts are maintained despite the pandemic
At the start of the year and before the health crisis caused by the coronavirus, the economic situation in Spain did not invite optimism and 2020 was marked by forecasts of an economic slowdown in the country. However, and despite the fact that the pandemic has wreaked havoc on the economy, 1 in 2 companies expect to maintain the level of hiring in the months to come, a figure which does not differ from the levels before the pandemic.
Despite the fact that a significant percentage of companies plan to continue the hiring plans they put in place at the start of the year, it should be noted that there has been a transfer of companies that were planning to increase staffing in February and Currently they are planning to cut hires in the next semester. In that sense, 28% of companies plan to cut hiring over the next six months, compared to 11% who had these plans before the pandemic.
Thus, according to the results of the study, 28% of companies plan to hire at a glance and it is only in 2022 that 48% say they will increase their workforce. The percentages exposed are significantly higher than those recorded in February, so they are only explained in response to the job destruction that has occurred so far this year.
SMEs, those with a greater intention to maintain or increase their workforce in the short term
The hiring projections by companies show significant differences according to their size. Thus, companies with more than 50 employees have better long-term prospects: 59% plan to increase their job offer in the next two years against 45% of those with less than 50 employees.
However, when it comes to short-term forecasts, the reverse is true: 74% of small businesses with less than 50 employees intend to maintain or increase their hires in the next six months, a percentage which falls to 64% in the case of companies with more than 50 employees.
The IT sector least affected and the tertiary sector, the one that suffers the most
By sector, the Quaternary sector is the one with the biggest job creation projects. This sector, which includes companies such as IT, plans – in 37% of cases – to increase hiring at a glance; a figure close to 60% over a two-year period, more than ten points than the average for all companies. In addition, it is, with secondary education, the sector which has the best short-term human resources prospects.
With regard to the most affected sectors, in the short term, the tertiary sector should be highlighted, as it encompasses tourism and trade, economic activities that have suffered a sharp decline due to health restrictions and mobility limitations. imposed. Thus, their recruitment horizon is in the long term: half of these companies plan to increase their workforce within two years.
The most requested commercial and technological fields
Despite the fact that COVID-19 has led to a sudden transformation in the way of working for many companies, there are no major changes in the needs of companies when choosing new professional profiles. Only 3 out of 10 companies surveyed detected new recruitment needs due to the pandemic. Among companies that have detected new needs, 43% of them say they need more sales profiles to relaunch the company’s activity, a logical request given the general decline in sales.
There are also 36% who are looking for more technological profiles to adapt their business to digital reality and in anticipation of new shutdowns, and 31% who intend to expand their online service (customer service, teleshopping, etc.). The demand for profiles varies once again depending on the size of the company: those with less than 50 employees require more distribution and logistics staff (storekeepers, deliverers or restaurateurs), health workers to provide a good service (gerontologists, nurses, etc.) and especially cleaning, to ensure the hygiene and safety of employees.
Job change forecast holds despite coronavirus
The impact of COVID-19 has not only affected businesses. Employees were also faced with a context of uncertainty due to the consequences of the health and economic crisis. However, these prospects did not change job search expectations much: in February, 23% of employees planned to change jobs in the next twelve months, a percentage that has fallen by only three. points at 20.% in July.
If we go into detail on the motivations for changing jobs of the active population, it should be noted that salary is generally, in most cases (79%), the main cause. In this sense, the search for a better schedule (55%) or the reconciliation of personal and professional life (54%) are the two other reasons most mentioned, according to data from February 2020.
Beyond these challenges, professional development is also a driving force for encouraging change. Therefore, working on a project that motivates more (44%), developing skills (43%) and occupying a higher position (37%) are the most mentioned motivations.