The most profound impression on the world that we have observed until recently has been the former President of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev. After him, the credit for having changed him the most goes to US President Donald Trump. It’s quite possible that just as most people have forgotten Gorbachev’s name today, Trump’s name may soon be buried in a corner of history. But when it comes to choosing some of the most powerful names to identify the beginning and end of global politics underpinned by pluralist diplomacy and seeing the world as one unit, people will first remember of these two names. This does not mean that Gorbachev alone laid the foundations for pluralism and that Tanha Trump similarly deceived him.
The truth is, the rise of information technology has led the world to become a unit whose pressure was first felt in the struggling economy of the Soviet Union. Likewise, the rapid concentration of global capital is creating a livelihood crisis in all countries of the world, the first reaction of which is seen as an obstacle to national economies. Trump’s ‘America First’ slogan has ruined every trade deal in the world, including the World Trade Organization (WTO), but what country in the world is such that it doesn’t resonate hear in other forms? In short, the tendency to reject pluralism, to favor military agreements over trade agreements, is still global and will continue. Trump’s aggressive babbling is just a symbol of this.
Three things formed the basis of pluralism in the 1990s. First, the end of the Soviet Union in December 1991, which ended the history of dividing the world into two or three factions. Keep in mind that the case of capitalist, socialist, and non-aligned groups may have started after World War II, but as the Allied Powers and Axis Nations, and before that, the Central Powers and the Powers of intent have become the identity of the entire twentieth century. Knowledge and all information is the same for the whole world, then this thing seemed to emanate from mint. Before that, contradictory things were heard about everything and the reality had to be guessed. The second major initiative of pluralism was the Earth Conference held in June 1992 at the initiative of the United Nations, from which arose the positive vision of seeing the world as one. The third thing to change the world was the creation of the World Trade Organization on January 1, 1995.
It’s also interesting that America has played an important role in these three initiatives that unite the world, but America has also been at the forefront in showing disdain and rejecting them. Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev claimed that they were laying the foundations for a fair world by freeing the world from two-faction factionalism during all the agreements that ended the Cold War. But even before the end of the Soviet Union, by broadcasting live attacks on Iraq day and night, the United States signaled that the world was going to be unipolar rather than bipolar. Until recently, it seemed unanimous but under the mandate of Barack Obama, but also under his supervision, the rise of the Islamic State in Syria-Iraq and then the decisive military action of Russia against him shattered the American unipolarity. The American aggression seen during Trump’s day created an environment like the Russia-China axis.
Under the environmental consciousness created by the Earth Conference, there have been several conferences around the world to formulate a strategy to combat climate change, despite the principles agreed in principle, the United States has avoided signing the agreements there relative. In the end, Barack Obama made America part of the Paris Climate Agreement by lightening them a lot, but Donald Trump unilaterally broke it and kicked the United States out of it. Far from reducing the use of petrochemicals and other hydrocarbons, the United States has made several years of increasing greenhouse gas emissions in the production of shale oil. Anyone who runs for president, to work for millions of Americans and to make America an exporter of importing crude oil, will be able to lock down his office as soon as he locks down his business.
The most interesting case was the WTO, on which the United States was making billions of dollars and its corporate branches began to appear in the most backward corners of the world. Until the 2008-2009 recession, American politicians saw benefits in trade agreements such as the WTO and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) concluded in its frame. But as the neglect of its own commercial banks and other financial institutions undermined its financial structure and the effect that the entire world economy was sinking, Americans began to feel that all trade deals went against the grain. their interests. The truth is, it was America’s decision to invest its capital in the low-labor countries, go and find things there, and reap the profits without doing anything. But after spending billions of dollars in the name of fighting the recession, America’s leaders felt they had no work to give ordinary Americans.
However, the dice have been rolled. America’s position is not as decisive as it used to be. At present, it has neither such technology, nor a monopoly of capital, nor any military power, with the strength of which it can rule the world on its own. The only way left for it to ensure its superiority is to reaffirm in favor of pluralism and to give a positive direction to things as a strong voice in global forums. Instead, if he continued to follow the pattern, the world after the epidemic would look more dangerous.
Disclaimer: The opinions expressed above are those of the author