Some evidence was found in a cave in South Africa from which evidence of human hiding was found around two million years ago. Archaeologists believe it may be the first home of our ancestors. Experts from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have studied the Wonderwork Cave in the Kalahari Desert of South Africa, and the mysteries hidden in the ancient layers have been unearthed here. The name of this place in the local language is “Miracle” and there are archaic records of millions of years ago. (Photo: Michael Chazan)
What did you find inside?
In the new study, it was confirmed to have found tools made by humans around 20 million years ago. Along with this, it is believed to be the oldest evidence in the world of living in a cave. Evidence of the use of fire was also found here. “Wonderwork is unique among the old Oldowan sites,” said study lead professor Ron Schar. Here the team searched through layers of caves and with Oldovan tools they found hand-made axes. (Photo: Michael Chazan)
How has the weather changed?
Here they found evidence of the use of fire 10 million years ago. Burnt bones, sediment and tool ashes were found here. The team analyzed an 8-foot-thick sedimentary layer in which stone tools, animal remains and fire-related objects were found. Their magnetic signal has been studied. Magnetization occurs when particles of wet clay, which came from outside into the cave and remained on the ancient ground, which shows the direction of the Earth’s magnetic field at that time. (Photo: Michael Chazan)
In the laboratory analysis, it was found that some samples were magnetized to the south, which is the current magnetic field. Shar said that the moment the magnetic poles of the Earth rotate is considered global. This provides significant evidence of the order of the layers inside the caves. Professor Ari Mateman has confirmed using the secondary dating method here that the oldest primitive human beings must have been here. He said the quartz particles in the sand form a geological clock that moves as it enters the cave. These can be identified using different isotopes. (Photo: Michael Chazan)