The unemployment rate of the population with primary or secondary education is double that of the population with tertiary education
The EAE Business School published the study “Employability of the qualified population” from which it is extracted that the unemployment rate of the population graduating from primary or secondary education is double that of the population graduating from higher education in first semester of 2020, in the midst of the Covid 19 pandemic. In the second quarter of 2020, the unemployment rate of the population with primary education is 26.3 and that of secondary education is 20.13%; while that for higher education is 10.3.
“src =” http://www.rrhhdigital.com/secciones/formacion/143985/cid:image007.jpg@01D6A6E7.D8569F20 “alt =” image007.jpg “align =” left “hspace =” 12 “> In the In the second quarter of 2020, the Spanish rate of higher education graduates represents a third of the population, of which 31.9% are women and 30.4% are men. In 2019, the unemployment rate of the graduate population higher rates in Spain remained stable below 9% .With the outbreak of the pandemic, the unemployment rate of the skilled population increased by almost two points compared to before Covid 19, reaching 10.03 in second quarter 2020.
If the classification is made by sex, the unemployment rate for women in higher education is 10.95 and that for men 9.03, during the second quarter of 2020. “These data can be explained by two reasons. : the percentage of women Higher education is a little higher but it also has much more difficulty in accessing a job, despite the same level of higher education ”, explains the author of the study and professor at EAE Business School, Magal Riera.
However, the study shows that the gender gap continues to narrow; In 2018, it was around 3%, a percentage that fell to two percentage points in the fourth quarter of the year and is holding up at the end of the first quarter of 2020.
Unemployment of the population without higher education is much higher. The uneducated population continues to suffer from a higher unemployment rate than the rest, at the end of 2019 out of a total of around 40% of both sexes, or 52.01% of women. In this sense, the unskilled population has a 30% higher unemployment rate than the skilled population with a higher degree.
Partial working hours in the private sector are double those in the public sector, being in the last four months of 2019 16.2% in the first case and 7.1% in the second. In terms of gender, 4.4% of men working in the public sector do so part-time, compared to 7.5% in the private sector. The great difference can be observed in the case of the women, whose percentages are respectively of 9.3 in the public and 27% in the private.
This means that four times as many women are employed part-time in the private sector.As a result of Covid 19, the global number of part-time contracts fell slightly in the first half of 2020, with the private sector being the most affected, dropping from 16.2% at the end of the previous year to 14.9%.
The qualified population and the autonomous communities
The Basque Country reaches 40%, of the population with higher education being in first position, followed by the Community of Madrid (39.7%) and Navarre (36.2%), the latter community experiencing a slight decrease in the mug. On the other hand, the lowest rates were, as last year, in Extremadura (20.5%) and Castile-La Mancha (23.5%).
From a gender perspective, the study highlights that in communities with a low rate of qualified population, such as Extremadura and Castilla-la-Mancha, the number of women with higher education degrees is higher, unlike the Basque Country or the Community of Madrid. of women with higher education is five percentage points higher than that of men; like Castilla la Mancha, women represent 24.7% and men 22.3%. In the community of Madrid, women with tertiary education represent 38.9% and men 40.7%; and in the Basque Country, men outnumber women with higher education by nearly three points.
The highest unemployment rate of the qualified population is reached in the Comunidad Foral de Navarra (36.3%), followed by the Community of Madrid (36.1%) and the Basque Country (33%), the three communities having the most qualified population. The lowest rate is in Extremadura (15.6%).
From a gender perspective, the highest unemployment rate of the male population with higher education qualifications is found, on the one hand, in the Community of Madrid (39.4%) and, on the other hand, in the Foral Community of Navarre (35.7%), followed by the Valencian Community (29.6%). Extremadura (12.1%), where we find the lowest rates.
Regarding the female population, the highest unemployment rate is found in the Basque Country (43.6%), in second position is that of the Autonomous Community of Navarre (37.2%) and, in third, in Castilla y Len (36.3%). The lowest rates were also found in Extremadura (18.4%).
“After the pandemic, all the autonomous communities have seen an increase in the percentage of the qualified population unemployed, with the exception of Catalonia, where it falls by three and a half points”, explains Riera.