The unemployment rate of the skilled population increased by two points after the coronavirus
EAE Business School published the study “Employability of the qualified population” from which it is extracted that the unemployment rate of the population graduating from primary or secondary school is double that of the population graduating from higher education in the first semester 2020, in the midst of a pandemic due to Covid 19. In the second quarter of 2020, the unemployment rate of the population with primary education is 26.3 and that of secondary education is 20.13%; while that of higher education is 10.3.
In the second quarter of 2020, the Spanish rate of higher education graduates represents a third of the population, of which 31.9% are women and 30.4% are men. In 2019, the unemployment rate of the population with higher education qualifications in Spain remained stable below 9%. With the outbreak of the pandemic, the unemployment rate of the skilled population increased by almost two points compared to before Covid 19, reaching 10.03 in the second quarter of 2020.
If the classification is made by sex, the unemployment rate for women in higher education is 10.95 and that for men 9.03, during the second quarter of 2020. “These data can be explained by two reasons. : the percentage of women Higher education is a little higher but it also has much more difficulty in accessing a job, despite the same level of higher education ”, explains the author of the study and professor at the ‘EAE Business School, Magal Riera.
However, the study shows that the gender gap continues to narrow; In 2018 it was around 3%, a percentage that fell to two percentage points in the fourth quarter of the year and is holding steady at the end of the first quarter of 2020.
Unemployment among the population without higher education is much higher. The uneducated population continues to suffer from a higher unemployment rate than the rest, at the end of 2019 out of a total of around 40% of both sexes, or 52.01% of women. In this sense, the unskilled population has a 30% higher unemployment rate than the skilled population with higher education.
Part-time work in the private sector is double that of the public sector, being in the last four months of 2019 16.2% in the first case and 7.1% in the second. In terms of gender, 4.4% of men working in the public sector do so part-time, compared to 7.5% in the private sector. The big difference can be observed in the case of women, whose percentages are respectively 9.3 in the public sector and 27% in the private sector.
This means that four times as many women are employed part time in the private sector. Due to Covid 19, the global number of partial contracts decreased slightly in the first half of 2020, with the private sector most affected, dropping from 16.2% at the end of the previous year to 14.9%.
The qualified population and the autonomous communities
The Basque Country reaches 40%, of the population with higher education being in first position, followed by the Community of Madrid (39.7%) and Navarre (36.2%), the latter community experiencing a slight decrease in the mug. On the other hand, the lowest rates were, as last year, in Extremadura (20.5%) and Castile-La Mancha (23.5%).
From a gender perspective, the study highlights that in communities with a low skilled population rate such as Extremadura and Castilla la Mancha, the number of women with higher education degrees is higher, unlike in the Basque Country. or to the Community of Madrid. Extremadura, the percentage of women with higher education is five percentage points higher than that of men; like Castilla la Mancha, women represent 24.7% and men 22.3%. In the community of Madrid, women with higher education degrees represent 38.9% and men 40.7%; and in Pas Vasco, men outnumber women with higher education degrees by nearly three percentage points.
The highest unemployment rate of the skilled population is reached in the Comunidad Foral de Navarra (36.3%), followed by the Community of Madrid (36.1%) and the Basque Country (33%), the three communities having the most qualified population. The lowest rate is in Extremadura (15.6%).
From a gender perspective, the highest unemployment rate of the male population with higher education qualifications is found, on the one hand, in the Community of Madrid (39.4%) and, on the other hand, in the Foral Community of Navarre (35.7%), followed by the Valencian Community (29.6%). Extremadura (12.1%), where we find the lowest rates.
Regarding the female population, the highest unemployment rate is in the Basque Country (43.6%), in second position is that of the Autonomous Community of Navarre (37.2%) and, in third, in Castilla y Len (36.3%). The lowest rates are also found in Extremadura (18.4%).
“After the pandemic, all the autonomous communities have seen an increase in the percentage of the qualified population unemployed, with the exception of Catalonia, where it falls by three and a half points,” explains Riera.
Here you can download the study