Posted: Wednesday, October 21, 2020 7:24 a.m.
The Congress of Deputies is witnessing the fifth motion of censure in democracy, an initiative with which Vox seeks to replace Pedro Sánchez as president of the government, but which was born doomed to failure.
When does it start?
The debate begins at 9:00 am with the defense of the motion of censure by the deputy Vox and candidate of the Ignacio Garriga formation. His speech has no fixed time, although sources from Vox to LaSexta estimate that it will take approximately 40 minutes.
It can be answered by a member of the government, resulting in a cue and a cue in between. The proposed candidate will then take the podium to explain his government program. It’s Santiago Abascal’s turn, who can use whoever sees fit. And it too can be answered by the president or another member of the government.
Who can intervene?
After these speeches, the President of the Chamber, Meritxell Batet, will introduce a period of interruption, after which the various political groups will take the floor. The spokespersons who so request will speak in order from the smallest to the largest number of seats. They each have 30 minutes and an additional 10 minutes to respond.
Thus, the first intervention, after the interruption decreed by Batet, will correspond to the Mixed Group, followed by Bildu, PNV, Ciudadanos, Grupo Plural, ERC, Unidas Podemos, Vox, PP and PSOE. The Podemos Pluriel, Mixte and Uni groups, as they are made up of different parties or confluences, can share time between their different spokespersons.
Will Sánchez take the floor?
The candidate can respond to all spokespersons or only to some. And do it without a busy time. The government can also intervene when it sees fit and it has already been confirmed that President Pedro Sánchez and Vice President Pablo Iglesias will speak. The debate can be closed both by the candidate and by the Prime Minister.
When and how do you vote?
The debate begins this Wednesday. Once concluded, it will likely last until Thursday, when the time for the vote will be announced.
In motions of no confidence, they are made by roll call and by vote. A Member’s name is drawn and the list begins with him. On this occasion and given the capacity limitations imposed by COVID-19, votes may be cast electronically.
The Bureau of Congress, in effect, decided that those who did not make it to the House could vote electronically, which would be read later by the secretary of the Bureau. Thus, the face-to-face vote and the “delegated” vote will alternate when the deputies are appointed one by one to communicate their “yes”, their “no” or their “abstention”.
Everything says no, but what if the motion is successful?
The motion is unlikely to succeed, unless it is surprised. Vox only has its votes, 52, and an absolute majority (176 votes) is required, but if the case were to be the case – as happened in 2018 with the motion to Rajoy – in the hypothetical case that Abascal obtained the support of an absolute majority in Congress, he would be considered “invested with the confidence of the House” for the purposes provided for in Article 99 of the Constitution.
But if, as will happen, the motion is defeated, the MPs who signed it will not be able to sign another during the same session, that is to say before February.