Human beings seek life in space. While we have yet to find our partner in the universe, our closest neighbor has certainly found something to be excited about. The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) of the US space agency NASA has confirmed that this is the first time that water has been discovered on the moon in the sun. With this discovery, there is a clue that water on the moon’s surface can exist anywhere, not just in the cold. Here we know why this discovery is important and how it will benefit in the future.
What did you find on the moon?
SOFIA has discovered water molecules on the Clavius crater. It is the largest crater seen from earth in the southern hemisphere. Previously, a form of hydrogen had been found on the lunar surface, but scientists were unable to tell the difference between water and its hydroxyl (OH). Data from here found the amount of water to be 100-412 million parts. This is equivalent to 28 grams of a bottle of water in one cubic meter of moon soil. Paul Hertz, director of the astrophysics division of the science missions directorate at NASA’s mission headquarters, said: “We had indications that H2O, as we know it, is in the sunny part of the moon. Now we know it’s there.
How was the research carried out?
The results obtained by SOFIA are based on years of research. When Apollo astronauts first returned from the moon in 1969, it was thought to be completely dry. With the help of other orbital and impactor missions such as NASA’s Lunar Crater Observation and Detection satellite, in 20 years it was found that there was ice on the poles of the Moon. At the same time, in addition to the Cassini mission and the Deep Impact comet mission, the Chandrayaan-1 mission of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and the NASA infrared telescope system, the lunar surface was observed up close and received sunlight. There were water signs in the section. However, it could not be determined whether it was H2O or OH. With the help of SOFIA, a new way of looking at the moon was found. This modified Boeing 747SP has a 106 inch diameter telescope and is at an altitude of 45,000 feet. It can see the infrared universe more clearly by rising above 99% water vapor. With the help of his low object infrared camera for the Sophia telescope (FORECAST), he was able to find water molecules at a special wavelength of 6.1 microns. A surprising amount of water was found on Clavius Crater in the sun.
These questions stood out from this discovery
Casey Honibol, lead author of a doctoral thesis study at the University of Mano at the University of Hawaii, Honolulu, said water must be lost to space without an atmosphere. Honibol is now telling NASA’s Goddard Space Fligt Center in Greenwelt, Maryland, that there is something producing water and something causing the water to trap. It’s a big question how this happens. Micrometeorites fall on the lunar surface. They contain a certain amount of water which can collect on the surface of the moon. Another possibility is that the solar wind will cause hydrodon on the surface of the moon. This leads to a chemical reaction with minerals containing oxygen. This reaction produces hydroxyl (OH). At the same time, the hydroxyl changes in the water due to the radiation with the micrometeorites. This is not the question, it is also how the water is stored here. It can be trapped in clay structures formed by micrometeorite collision. Perhaps he is hidden in the soil of the moon.
Now, water will be discovered in other parts of the moon where there may be water present. How water is formed, stored and passed from one part to another in the moon, all of these things will be studied. This data will help in the next lunar mission, so that for the first time a water map can be created on the moon. This discovery improved our understanding of the lunar surface and raised further questions about the resources of deep space exploration. Water is an important resource in deep space and a vital need for life. It is not yet known whether the water SOFIA has received can be used. The agency will study it as part of NASA’s Artemis program.