We explain how the four risk levels work and when they are activated

Updated: Sunday, October 25, 2020 1:16 PM

Published on: 25.10.2020 13:13

To deal with the coronavirus pandemic, in Spain four risk levels have been established for each territorial unit. The goal with the use of this tool is to try to control the curve of COVID-19 infections. They will be applied on the basis of a series of indicators.

Note: the number of cases per 100,000 inhabitants, the incidence in people over 65, the percentage of positives on the tests carried out and the percentage of cases in which the origin of the infection is known. Here’s how each level works and when it’s activated:

Level 1 will be applied when the number of cases during the last two weeks is less than 25 per 100,000 inhabitants, when the percentage of positive tests is between 4% and 7%; that in addition, the origin of 65% to 80% of cases is known and that the hospital pressure does not exceed 5% and in ICUs, 10%. At this level, meetings will have a maximum of 15 people, capacity will be 75% and there will be tables in bars with groups of up to 10 people.

At level 2, the number of cases in the last two weeks should not exceed 150 per 100,000. The percentage positive should be between 7% and 10%. The origin of 50% to 65% of cases must also be known, that the hospital pressure does not exceed 10%, and in ICUs, 15%. In this scenario, there will be a limit of 10 people maximum in a meeting, teleworking must be encouraged, the capacity in bars and closed spaces will be limited to 50% and the use of a bar will be prohibited.

At level 3, we are already talking about a high risk, where the number of cases in the last two weeks exceeds 150 per 100,000. Or when the number of cases last week rises to 75. The restrictions here are more and more difficult: meetings of six people maximum, establishments closed at 11 pm, recommendation to leave the home only for what is necessary, and a capacity in closed places of ten people maximum.

At level 4, the extreme level, where the pressure from the ICU exceeds 25%, and with more than 250 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, all the above rules will be applied, and it will also be the communities themselves who can extend them. In this scenario, there are already nine territories: Aragon, Castile-La Mancha, Castile and León, Melilla, Community of Madrid, La Rioja, Ceuta, Catalonia and Navarre.

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